Jacob N. Shapiro is Assistant Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and co-directs the Empirical Studies of Conflict Project. His primary research interests include terrorism and political violence, aid, and security policy. His research has been published in Journal of Political Economy, American Journal of Political Science, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Political Analysis, Security Studies, World Politics, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Military Operations Research, Terrorism and Political Violence, and a number of edited volumes. Shapiro is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations, an Associate Editor of World Politics, a Research Fellow at the Center for Economic Research in Pakistan (CERP), and has served in the U.S. Navy and Naval Reserve. He has a Ph.D. in Political Science and an M.A. in Economics from Stanford University, and a B.A. in Political Science from the University of Michigan.
Established in 1998 in Bonn, Germany, IZA is an independent, non-profit research institution supported by the Deutsche Post Foundation with a focus on the analysis of global labour markets. It operates an international network of about 1,500 economists and researchers spanning across more than 50 countries.
Based on academic excellence and an ambitious publication strategy, IZA serves as a place of communication between academic science and political practice.
The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) leads the UK's work to end extreme poverty. We're ending the need for aid by creating jobs, unlocking the potential of girls and women, and helping to save lives when humanitarian emergencies hit.
FCDO is a ministerial department, supported by 12 agencies and public bodies.